Many people are uncertain of the difference between CV and resume. CV is short for curriculum vitae, which is a complete detailed history of your professional and educational background, while a resume is actually a summary of these details. While both are meant to showcase your qualifications and talents in the best light, each should be used in accordance with what particular job you are applying for. This article offers details that will help you easily understand the difference between a CV and resume, so that you can determine which is best for your purpose.
Short description of the differences
Here is a short summary explaining the difference between a CV and resume. While both are structured in a way to offer necessary information and details about your qualifications and educational history, a CV is generally longer and much more detailed, while a resume is used to summarize specific qualifications and expertise that quickly demonstrate to a potential employer how you can benefit the company. A CV is used almost exclusively for the purpose of applying for an academic or research job, or for obtaining grants.
Detailed description of a CV or curriculum vitae
A CV is generally a detailed account of your entire employment and education background. It is a record of your employment history to date, and includes every position you have ever held, usually listed from your most recent position first in reverse chronological order. Subheadings are used to make finding particular information quick and easy for the reader. A CV may consist of a profile or objective, which is simply a short statement meant to inform the employer of why you are the candidate for the job.
A CV also lists your education and qualification details, which should include any institutions you attended as well as the courses you completed, along with the grades achieved and dates you attended. You should also include any achievements or particular skills you have that relate directly to the position you are applying for. A career summary should be included, preferably toward the top of the CV. This details each job you have held and the duties you performed, as well as any special achievements.
Details of a resume
A resume is kept short and highlights only the information relevant to the job you are applying for. A resume generally focuses more toward your skills and accomplishments, and are usually more self-promoting than a CV. A resume should list only those duties, achievements or accomplishments that directly relate to the job you would be performing if you were to secure the position. Hobbies, educational details and other information that does not directly impact the job you are applying for can be left out on a resume. With a resume, your goal is to answer the one question an employer cares about, and that is how will you benefit their company.
You can find examples of each online, so that you clearly understand what is necessary for your purposes. Hopefully, you now have a general idea of the difference between a CV and resume.