If you are needing to know how to cite an interview, this article contains tips that will help you do it properly. Depending on whether you are using MLA or APA format, there are a few variations. While this may seem a bit of an intimidating task, especially if it is the first time you have attempted this, it isn’t that difficult. Keep reading to learn how to cite an interview.
An interview is usually a face-to-face meeting that is a communication or conversation between two people; sometimes, as in a job interview, the communication is conducted so that an employer can assess a job candidate.
1. Determine what format to use.
The most common ways that an interview is cited is through the APA (American Psychological Association) format or the MLA (Modern Language Association) format. Commonly, APA formatting is used in fields such as criminology, business, social work and sociology, while the MLA format is highly popular for academic writing such as you would find in universities and graduate programs.
2. MLA formatted citation.
In this format, you should begin with the name of the person you interviewed. The last name should come first, followed by a comma and the first name, such as Bartlett, Jane. A period should be placed after the name, then a phrase following the name such as “Job Interview,” “Personal Interview,” etc. The date of the interview comes next; this is commonly written in military style, which is done as 24 July 2010, or date, month and year.
3. APA formatted citation.
In this style of citation, it is necessary to cite the information gathered in an interview in essay style. When quoting from the interview, include what the person interviewed had to say followed by what type of communication was conducted and the date in parenthesis. As an example:
Jane Bartlett says that her skills as assistant customer service manager have helped the company reduce customer complaints by 23% (job communication, 24 July 2010).
4. Job or personal interviews should be cited in text only.
When a job interview is conducted, the information should be relayed through a text document. The name of the interviewer, along with the year (in parenthesis) should be included in MLA format. For example, if you are the one who interviewed a job candidate, it would be written like this:
Smith, J. (2010). [Interview with Jane Bartlett, candidate for customer service job opening].
There are various formats that can be used in citing an interview. The guidelines above generally describe how it is done, however you can find more examples online. Hopefully, you now have a better understanding of how to cite an interview.
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