Nephrologists are physicians, who are expert in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders related to the kidneys. Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine, which focuses on non-surgical treatment and management of renal disorders. A Nephrologist focuses on kidneys and the entire renal system of the body.
A Nephrologist specializes in the management of patients with a wide range of renal disorders which include glomerulonephritis, renal cancer, hydronephrosis, etc. Occasionally, Nephrologists may also perform transplant procedures in some patients or assist a surgeon in performing the transplant surgery.Create this Resume
The primary task of a Nephrologist is to diagnose, treat and manage any condition or disease which affects the kidney functions. This need not necessarily mean only the management of disorders of the kidney, but also the management of a wide range of systemic disorders, which may be responsible for malfunctioning of the kidneys which include high blood pressure, cancers or diabetes.
A Nephrologist would have to interact with the patient, take a detailed case history and determine an appropriate action plan to treatment and management of the condition. The treatment regimen may include the use of dialysis therapy, which is acts as an artificial kidney or kidney transplant, in cases of severe and non treatable disorders.
Many Nephrologists specialize in specific domains of nephrology, like pediatric nephrology or glomerulonephritis.
Nephrologists Education and Training
• There are three stages in the education and training requirement of a Nephrologist. Firstly, a medical doctor’s degree is imperative to purse this profession.
• Next, a completion of the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education residency program in internal medicine for two years is essential to purse this career.
• A certification in internal medicine by the Accreditation Council is mandated by the American Board of Internal Medicine, to purse Nephrology.
• Following this, a three year fellowship in nephrology and a National Examination conducted by the Board are required for certification and license to practice Nephrology in the United States.
Nephrologists Job Outlook
As per the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the outlook for this profession is good, especially in low income areas, where kidney transplant is considered fairly expensive. The training to become a Nephrologist is fairly extensive but the profession has a bright future.
Nephrologists work primarily in hospital setting, while a few may have their own private practice. Long work hours during a week and irregular schedules to handle critically ill patients are a way of life for most Nephrologists.
As per details available from salary.com, the median annual salary of a Nephrologist is approximately $212,000 and the profession is expected for grow by 22 % within the next decade, as per the Bureau of Labor Statistics; indicative of professional and financial growth. The salary of a Nephrologist also depends upon the area in which he serves and the overall experience in handling critically ill patients.